Gilthead seabream (black seabream)

Spondyliosoma cantharus


The gilthead seabream has an average body length of between 30 and 60 centimetres, and can weigh up to 2.5 kilograms.


The meat of the gilthead seabream is white and very tasty.

Natural habitat

The gilthead seabream – also known as the black seabream – lives in the East Atlantic between Norway and North Africa, and is occasionally found in the Black Sea.


The fish are sociable and often form large migratory shoals. They mainly live in coastal areas, on sandy and rocky soil. Their preferred depth is between 15 and 50 meters – but they are occasionally found in water depths of up to 300 metres.


The seabream eats algae, prawns, crabs and crustaceans.


It has a flat and high-backed body. The seabream’s head has a pointed nose, at the end of which is its mouth. The back and flanks are light grey with a metallic shine, and have several lighter vertical stripes.


Black seabream are so-called protogynous hermaphrodites. This means that when they are one or two years old, they become sexually mature as females, but later turn into males.

Fishing method

Pelagic Trawls

Pelagic trawls are designed for catching fish species that live in the open water. A pelagic trawl is funnel-shaped and ends up in a pocket, the codend, where the fish are collected. The opening of the net is 50-70 m high and 80-120 m wide, the total length of the net is usually 1500 m (including line).

Fishing area(s)

Fishing method

Pelagic Trawls